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Mandarin Learning about Qian Long and Long Jing



说起茶,人们首先想到柴米油盐酱醋茶;而说起茶与皇帝,我们不由得想起乾隆。乾隆不仅是在位最长,也是历史上最高寿的一位皇帝。今天我们就说说乾隆与龙井。 shuō qǐ chá ,rén men shǒu xiān xiǎng dào chái mǐ yóu yán jiàng cù chá ;ér shuō qǐ chá yǔ huáng dì ,wǒ men bú yóu dé xiǎng qǐ qián lóng。qián lóngbú jǐn shì zài wèi zuì zhǎng,yě shì lì shǐ shàng zuì gāo shòu de yī wèi huáng dì 。jīn tiān wǒ men jiù shuō shuō qián lóngyǔ lóng jǐng 。


传说乾隆皇帝下江南时,来到杭州龙井狮峰山一带游山玩水,被秀山碧水深深吸引,看乡间女子正在十多棵绿荫荫的茶蓬前采茶,兴趣突起,也学着采摘起来。 chuán shuō qián lónghuáng dì xià jiāng nán shí ,lái dào háng zhōu lóng jǐng shī fēng shān yī dài yóu shān wán shuǐ ,bèi xiù shān bì shuǐ shēn shēn xī yǐn ,kàn xiāng jiān nǚ zǐ zhèng zài shí duō kē lǜ yīn yīn de chá péng qián cǎi chá ,xìng qù tū qǐ ,yě xué zhe cǎi zhāi qǐ lái .


刚采了一把,忽有太监来报,说是太后有病需皇上急速回京。乾隆皇帝一听,便随手将手中刚采的茶叶向袖内一放,日夜兼程赶回京城。 gāng cǎi le yī bǎ ,hū yǒu tài jiān lái bào ,shuō shì tài hòu yǒu bìng xū huáng shàng jí sù huí jīng 。qián lónghuáng dì yī tīng ,biàn suí shǒu jiāng shǒu zhōng gāng cǎi de chá yè xiàng xiù nèi yī fàng ,rì yè jiān chéng gǎn huí jīng chéng 。


其实太后只是久居宫中,平日又不运动,一时因肝火上亢,导致双眼红肿,胃口乏腻。在昏昏沉沉之中,只觉一股清香随皇子飘然而至,便好奇问询。乾隆也觉得很是奇怪,细闻清香来处,竟是从自己袖内的那把茶叶发出,便令宫女取茶冲泡,并告之此为自己所采的龙井新茶,请太后品尝。太后小啜一口,只觉口内清爽甘美,细细闻味,自然是清香扑鼻,经过带有茶香热气一熏,双眼也顿时舒服惬意,便将此茶尽饮至干。 qí shí tài hòu zhī shì jiǔ jū gōng zhōng ,píng rì yòu bú yùn dòng ,yī shí yīn gān huǒ shàng kàng ,dǎo zhì shuāng yǎn hóng zhǒng ,wèi kǒu fá nì 。zài hūn hūn chén chén zhī zhōng ,zhī jué yī gǔ qīng xiāng suí huáng zǐ piāo rán ér zhì ,biàn hǎo qí wèn xún 。qián lóngyě jiào dé hěn shì qí guài ,xì wén qīng xiāng lái chù ,jìng shì cóng zì jǐ xiù nèi de nà bǎ chá yè fā chū ,biàn lìng gōng nǚ qǔ chá chōng pào ,bìng gào zhī cǐ wéi zì jǐ suǒ cǎi de lóng jǐng xīn chá ,qǐng tài hòu pǐn cháng 。tài hòu xiǎo chuò yī kǒu ,zhī jiào kǒu nèi qīng shuǎng gān měi ,xì xì wén wèi ,zì rán shì qīng xiāng pū bí ,jīng guò dài yǒu chá xiāng rè qì yī xūn ,shuāng yǎn yě dùn shí shū fú qiè yì ,biàn jiāng cǐ chá jìn yǐn zhì gàn 。


太后饮茶过后,顿觉浑身自在舒畅,高兴地对皇子乾隆讲:“此龙井茶真是灵丹妙药啊”。乾隆皇帝便立即传令,将杭州龙井狮峰山下那胡公庙前十余株茶树封为御茶,每年采摘新茶,专供太后品饮。 tài hòu yǐn chá guò hòu ,dùn jiào hún shēn zì zài shū chàng ,gāo xìng de duì huáng zǐ qián lóngjiǎng :“cǐ lóng jǐng chá zhēn shì líng dān miào yào ā ”。qián lónghuáng dì biàn lì jí chuán lìng ,jiāng háng zhōu lóng jǐng shī fēng shān xià nà hú gōng miào qián shí yú zhū chá shù fēng wéi yù chá ,měi nián cǎi zhāi xīn chá ,zhuān gòng tài hòu pǐn yǐn 。

至今,杭州龙井村胡公庙前依旧保存着这改植后的十八棵御茶,有不少游客专程前往察访并合影留念。 zhì jīn ,háng zhōu lóng jǐng cūn hú gōng miào qián yī jiù bǎo cún zhe zhè gǎi zhí hòu de shí bā kē yù chá ,yǒu bú shǎo yóu kè zhuān chéng qián wǎng chá fǎng bìng hé yǐng liú niàn. Vocabularies: 1 西湖龙井[xī hú lóng jǐng]: Xi Hu Long Jing is the most famous tea in China, originates from Shi Feng, Long Jing, Wu Yun Mountain, Hu Pao area Hang Zhou City. Long Jing is flat and stout, green mixed with lightly yellow like brown rice. It tastes mellow and sweet, with high and sharp fragrance, infusion is bright yellow green , infused leaves are beautiful like flowers. 2 乾隆[qián lóng]: the sixth emperor in Qing dynasty 3 太后[tài hòu]:the mother of the emperor 4 太监[tài jiān]:eunuch worked in royal family 5 日夜兼程[rì yè jiān chéng]:ride day and night , and take no rest 6 肝火[gān huǒ]: literally means liver fire, it also means inflammation 7 灵丹妙药[líng dān miào yào]: cure-all medicine 8 御茶[yù chá]: royal tea

(Source of pictures: internet)

#Teaculture #mandarinlearning #LongJingtea #greentea